FINLAND AND ITS CAPITAL HELSINKI
The Finnish flag, the colors evoke lakes and snowy lands of Finland
Finland is a country of a 338 145 km surface with, on the West a 586 km long border with Sweden, in the North 727 km with Norway, in the East 1 269 km with Russian Federation and approximately 1 100 km of coast on the Baltic Sea. A quarter of its territory extends beyond the polar circle. The country is constituted by trays, the average heights of which varies between 120 and 180 meters over the sea level. The relief becomes more hilly in the North of the country (near the chain of Scandes). The highlight of the country is the mountain Haltiatunturi (1 328 m) in Lapland (North). Finland accounts 187 888 lakes and 179 584 islands
The forests of conifers and birches represent 65 % of the territory, which makes Finland one of the most important forest reserve in Europe. Lapland is the domain of the tundra ( low and scattered vegetable cover). The population of Finland is estimated at 5,3 millions inhabitants. But big contrasts exist between the Southern regions and the other regions: near the quarter of the population lives on 3 % of the area, in the province of Uusimaa (Nyland in Swedish) that of Helsinki, whereas the regions of Oulu (Uleåborg in Swedish) and of Lappi ( Lapland), which recover half of the territory, shelter only the eighth of the population
The official languages are Finnish (92 %) and the Swedish (5,5 %)
Helsinki '' The Daughter of the Baltic Sea''
King of Sweden Gustave Wasa based in 1550 Helsinki as economic rival of Tallinn. Helsinki, Helsingfors in Swedish, benefits thanks to Gulf Stream of a climate less cold than in the same latitude for example in North America. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 19,1 C, and the coldest month is in January with a temperature of 4,2 C. The passage from a season to another is always strongly marked. So in Helsinki the longest day in summer lasts 19 hours and in winter snow can reach 30 cms.Helsinki's surface extends over 686 Km2, the recovering sea 501 Km2
Among European capitals Helsinki is probably the one where nature is the most present. Vast green spaces extend until city center; we count more than 300 islands, 3800 hectares of forests and 1600 hectares of parks and public gardens, without including all the attractive maritime bays. 950 km of cycle tracks and more than 500 km of pedestrian roads have been fitted out. Helsinki and the nearby municipalities represent the biggest market of Finland. 1,2 million persons live there and 48.000 companies work in. The port of Helsinki is among the most frequented in Europe by cruise boats. During the summer season some 200 boats transporting on average of 150.000 passengers make stopover for a day in. The main cultural areas represented in Helsinki are music, dance, theater and cinema.Technologic art events and festivals mixing several art forms take an increasing importance in Helsinki's cultural life
If you wish to know more about, you will find excellent web sites in English to be consulted on the page '' LINKS ''
Welcome to Finland !